Why Things Matter

The Internet of Things is a vision. It is being built today. The stakeholders are known, the debate has yet to start. In hundreds of years our real needs have not changed. We want to be loved, feel safe, have fun, be relevant in work and friendship, be able to support our families and somehow play a role – however small – in the larger scheme of things. So what will really happen when things, homes and cities become smart? The result will probably be an tsunami of what at first looks like very small steps, small changes. The purpose of Council is to forecast what will happen when smart objects surround us in smart homes, offices, streets, and cities. Internet of people is the consultancy branch that advises corporations, public organizations, individuals and institutions on how to manage and facilitate the changes that the Internet of Things will bring.

What if all objects were interconnected and started to sense their surroundings and communicate with each other? The Internet of Things will have that sort of ubiquitous machine-to-machine (M2M) connectivity.

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 The Evolution of Internet of Things

1. The world is the index.

The world is the index that we will use to classify and identify the things that surround us.  For example, the photos that we take have ever more frequently the location of the photographer and photos can be organize according location using by “Google Earth”.

2. Take the world on line.

The things that are surrounding us can have an information shadow on the internet. We can search monuments, museum and work of arts online. The technology to track objects has evolved even further with mobile phones pick up information and can be picked up from a short distance. The evolution of object recognition is already happening and it means that it is not necessary depend on codes or labels, but simply the direct identification of the objects around us.

3. Let the things talk with each other.

Objects can interact and talk with each other to exchange and integrate data, to trigger actions and to integrate how they work together (Evans 2011).


Evans, D 2011, “How the next evolution of the internet is changing everything”, The Internet of Things, accessed 8/11/2012, http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/innov/IoT_IBSG_0411FINAL.pdf


Apple VS Android

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Android devices seem to be gateways to life with an Apple. According to the latest survey/infographic as posted by one of the smaller market research firms. That survey claims 22 percent of Android users plan to move to an iPhone within the next six months.

Image URL: http://blogs.computerworld.com/sites/computerworld.com/files/u175/screen_shot_2012-09-25_at_14.34.30.png


iPhone habits are different. There, 87 percent of existing iPhone users plan to buy a new iPhone in the next six months; and just 9 percent intend switching to Android. In other words, current Android owners are 2.4 times more likely to switch to an iPhone than vice versa. In other words, one-in-five Android owners aren’t happy with those devices, and would prefer to use an Apple phone. The research also found that 23 percent of US adults who plan to buy a smartphone in the next six months don’t own one already, while 73 percent of those currently on Android devices will purchase a new Android device in the next six months.

Here’s a few reasons consumers might choose to switch:

1. Not every Android device is equal: 

High-powered devices (such as some Galaxy phones) cost around the same as an iPhone; while less well-featured Android devices only offer partial sets of the features purchasers might expect from the OS. In other words, when you get an Android you may not get everything you expect.

2. Android is a malware minefield:

Most consumer users don’t want to be fiddling with security settings or reading about the latest malware scares. They don’t want to personally vet every app they choose to download, they don’t want to become their very own security expert. They don’t care about rootkits. They don’t even know what rootkits are.  They don’t even want to know what they are. They just want to use their phone.

3. Android’s update system is insufficient:

While Microsoft at least delivers security updates to all current users, Android updates are delivered through a Byzantine route. This means not every update is made available to every device. This means Gingerbread is still in use on 57.2 percent of Android devices, but Gingerbread is stale — the OS was first introduced in December 2010. Over half of Android devices used today are already old.



Apple’s experience is different.

You get to choose between three different iPhone models (though 78 percent of iPhone 4S owners will opt for a 5 in the next six months). All current models are upgradeable with the latest security and OS updates. Apple supports its devices across a three-year window, so an iPhone 4 is still supported, even though it was introduced in 2010. When it comes to device quality, Apple doesn’t stint.

That’s not to say Android is a bad platform. Android dominates the smartphone market and seems likely to do so in future. It is important to note that the market is relatively new and subject to further disruption and change.


Evans, J 2012, Why are Apple iphone users more platform loyal than Android users are? , accessed 4/11/2012, http://blogs.computerworld.com/ios/21055/why-are-apple-iphone-users-more-platform-loyal-android-users-are

Facebook and Twitter are just Places revolutionaries

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 Twitter VS Facebook

Facebook and Twitter are the most popular social networking websites that allow peoples to communicate anytime and anywhere. Below is the research done by a company and the research found that the average percentage of single page visit was higher for Facebook and Twitter visitors, indicating that most visitors just visited the content link shared by the company on these networking sites.

Image URL: http://www.leadformix.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/Lf1-research-vistpercentage.jpg

The research establishes the fact that social media is a place, people mostly frequent for ‘CONTENT’. This is true; in fact all social media advocates never fail to emphasize the importance of good content for social media marketing success (LeadFormix 2010).

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Are You On Facebook? Do You Twitter? I believe that everyone have at least an account of facebook and twitter. Social media changed the way we live. It becoming a need in our life, it’s no longer a want. Social media did bring a big impact to the political aspect. Nowadays it is inevitable for television channel, newspapers, organizations and companies to have a social media presence. Politicians, celebrities, journalist, and even reality show contestants are linked to the big social networks such as facebook and twitter (Winkelmann 2012).

Social media are the tools that help to speed up the process to organize the revolutionaries, transmit their message to the world and galvanize international support (Gustin 2011). I agree with what he mentioned in his article that Facebook and Twitter help to speed up the process of revolutionaries. For instance, in Bersih 2.0, revolutionaries used facebook and twitter to gather their supporters. Facebook and Twitter can reached out to a mass audiences compared to many other media therefore revolutionaries knew that with the help of these two platforms, they can easily access or reach out to all the supporters.

Facebook and Twitter has become so powerful that it is now used as a platform for a revolution movement. I do agree that Facebook and Twitter has to power to make a change because of its potential to reach out to the mass.


Gustin, S 2011, Social media sparked, accelerated Egypt’s revolutionary fire, Wired, accessed 28/10/2012, http://www.wired.com/business/2011/02/egypts-revolutionary-fire/


LeadFormix 2010, Facebook and Twitter not for generating B2B Leads, accessed 27/10/12, http://www.leadformix.com/blog/2010/06/facebook-and-twitter-not-for-generating-b2b-leads/


Winkelmann, S 2012, The Social Media Revolution, accessed 28/10/2012, http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_31322-1522-2-30.pdf?120615060656


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What is WikiLeaks?

WikiLeaks is a not-for-profit media organisation. Their goal is to bring important news and information to the public. WikiLeaks provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for sources to leak information to their journalists. One of the most important activities of WikiLeaks is to publish original source material alongside our news stories so readers and historians alike can see evidence of the truth (Wikileaks n.d).

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange speaks to demonstrators from the steps of St Paul’s Cathedral in central London on Oct. 15, 2011.

Image URL: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/europe/120816/wikileaks-timeline-key-moments-wikileaks-history

History of WikiLeaks:

Dec. 2007: WikiLeaks officially launches its website.

Sept. 2008: Anonymous hacks Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin’s    Yahoo account during the presidential campaign. Her emails are then published by WikiLeaks.

April 2010: WikiLeaks publishes video of a 2007 helicopter attack in Baghdad that killed Iraqi civilians and two Reuters journalists.

May 2010US Army soldier Bradley Manning is arrested on suspicion of providing WikiLeaks with classified material.

July 2010: WikiLeaks publishes 91,000 documents on US involvement in Afghanistan.

Aug. 2010: Sweden issues an arrest warrant for Assange on one rape allegation and one allegation of molestation.

Oct. 2010: WikiLeaks publishes the Iraq War logs, 400,000 classified US documents on the Iraq war from 2004 to 2009.

Dec. 2010: Interpol puts Assange on its most-wanted list, citing rape allegations. Paypal cuts off WikiLeaks from using its services to collect donations.

June 2012: Assange files for political asylum at Eduador’s London embassy.

Aug. 2012: Julian Assange offered asylum in Ecuador.

(Defraia 2012)

In the article of Benkler (2011), he discussed about the purposes of WikiLeaks. The main purpose of WikiLeaks is to bring news and information to public. Another of the organisation’s goals is to ensure that whistleblowers and journalists are not jailed for emailing sensitive or classified documents. The online “drop box” was designed to “provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for sources to leak information to our journalists.” (Wikileaks n.d)

The mission of WikiLeaks, according to their website, is to bring “truth to the world by publishing fact-based stories without fear or favor.” In attempt to fulfill their vision, however, Wikileaks has created worldwide controversy, putting the U.S. in diplomatic dire straits. If you visit their website, you’ll immediately notice their current tagline: “Help WikiLeaks keep governments open.” (Goins 2010) It tells me that there is a deeply-ingrained desire in each of us to search and fight for the truth. It also tells me that people love controversy. Wikileaks is a good thing. Large institutions should be held accountable, and the internet is an extremely good way to do so. There is a difference between reporting truth and possibly endangering lives. To me though, the biggest concern with the Wikileaks controversy is the way people are reacting. The United States is not at war with Wikileaks, as much as some people and media instituions are trying to make it seem that way. Wikileaks might have released too much, but at the same time it is still part of the media, and labeling it with words such as “terrorist” and trying to shut the site down is pushing the boundaries of freedom of the press.

Image URL: http://pumasunleashed.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/wikileaks-profile.jpg?w=600


Benkler, Y 2011, A free irresponsible press: Wikileaks and the battle over the soul of the networked fourth estate, accessed 19/10/2012, http://www.benkler.org/Benkler_Wikileaks_current.pdf

Defraia, D 2012, WikiLeaks Timeline: Key Moments, accessed 19/10/12, http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/europe/120816/wikileaks-timeline-key-moments-wikileaks-history

Goins, J 2010, WikiLeaks Controversy: What do you think?, accessed 19/10/12, http://jeffgoins.myadventures.org/?filename=wikileaks-controversy

Wikileaks, n.d, What is WikiLeaks?, accessed 19/10/12, http://wikileaks.org/About.html

How Twitter Will Change The Way We Live

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Twitter is a website for sharing on what you are doing in any given moment with other people online. In more complicated terms, Twitter is a powerful social networking tool for both business and personal use. Twitter uses “tweets,” which are the 140-character (maximum) messages you post to your Twitter profile. The restriction on length is one of the features that makes Twitter unique compared with other social networking sites.

There are few purposes of Twitter:

1. Networking

One of the primary purposes for creating a Twitter account is to network online. Twitter’s system of shortened links and hashtags make it easy to find people or businesses posting tweets in the same areas that you are (Southern n.d).

2. Building Traffic

Many businesses, bloggers and website owners use their Twitter profiles to increase traffic and find new visitors for their websites. Embedding links into tweets is one of the ways you can use Twitter to increase traffic to your website. Link-shortening services allow you to create links with as few characters as possible to leave space within Twitter’s 140-character limit.

3. Business Promotion

Using Twitter provides the opportunity to take innovative approaches for promoting your business. Many businesses specifically offer special deals and promotions exclusively through Twitter. Twitter’s “retweet” function allows other Twitter users to re-post your tweet if they find it interesting.

4. Social Communication

Although Twitter has become a useful business tool, many Twitter users still use the service to share what they are doing with their friends online. You can use Twitter to tell your friends what you are doing or share interesting websites you find online. Twitter photo-sharing services, such as TwitPic and YFrog, allow you to post photos to share with your friends through Twitter.

The slogan of twitter is “Discover what’s happening right now, anywhere in the world”.

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How Twitter Will Change The Way We Live?

According to Steven Johnson (2009), he discussed about “How Twitter will change the way we live”. I agree with Steven Johnson that Twitter has been the hot house of end- user innovation. “The speed”, he writes, “with which users have extended Twitter’s platform points to a larger truth about modern innovation.” I think he is correct. We are ceding patent and Ph.D. market share to foreign competitors at an alarming rate, but we still out-innovate them.

Twitter is a conversation. It used to be islands of “What are you doing?” answers, but that is no longer the reality. Twitter provides us a way to share, connect, and converse in a way that is impossible with any other medium (Danley 2009).


Danley, B 2009, Twitter got hacked into something useful, accessed 5/10/12, http://brentdanley.com/2009/06/05/twitter-got-hacked-into-something-useful/

Johnson S 2009, How twitter will change the way we live, accessed 5/10/2012, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1902818-4,00.html

Southern, S n.d, The Purpose of Twitter, accessed 5/10/12, http://techtips.salon.com/purpose-twitter-1039.html

Weblogs and the Mass Amateurization of Publishing

Weblogs are becoming increasingly difficult to ignore for those of us who spend much time reading the Web. Also known by the inscrutable nickname “blogs”, weblogs are something of a hard nut to crack. Compounding the difficulty is the fact that a great deal of weblog content today is about weblogs and weblog technology. What are weblogs? What’s the big deal? (Grumet 2003)

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Weblog is a technology, or a social process culminating in an online phenomenon or even an online kind of a diary. Weblog can also be a new form of journalism. Some people blog for fun and some for business (Dafermos 2003). For me, I would say that a weblog is a personal website but it can also be a group website where people brainstorm about anything without paying much attention to typos and consistency in style. A weblog can be updated and change frequently, depends on how passionate the blogger is.

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In the article of Shirky (2003), he asked “how we make money doing this?” There are a few weblogs that really help peoples to earn money. Nowadays, many peoples used blog as a way to sell things such as clothes, shoes and accessories. This is Malaysia’s blogshops that allow peoples to online shopping.

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Some of the blogs are informative. That is why peoples nowadays choose to read blogs than read books. Blogging is becoming more and more convenient for everyone as long as you have a smart phone with you; you can blog anywhere at anytime. This is one of the informative fashion blog that I found.

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Engadget.com is the one of the blogs that provides newest information about technology.

Image URL: http://www.earnblogger.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/gadget.jpg

According to Shirky (2002), weblogs destroy this extrinsic value as well. I agree with what he mentioned about weblogs destroy the extrinsic value of publishing. Weblogs allow publication without filtering, editing or responsibility. The separation of publisher from author to create the ‘Prosumer’ was important for writers. It is valuable because it is filtered, scarce, strategically marketed.


Dafermos, G, N 2003, Blogging The Market, accessed 26/09/12, http://radio-weblogs.com/0117128/Blogpaper/blogging_the_market.html

Grumet, A 2003, Deep Thinking About Weblogs, accessed 26/09/12, http://grumet.net/writing/web/deep-thinking-about-weblogs.html

Shirky, C 2002, Weblogs and the Mass Amateurization of Publishing, accessed 26/09/12, http://shirky.com/writings/weblogs_publishing.html

Media Convergence

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What is Media Convergence? What do you think about Media Convergence?

Media convergence is more than simply a technological shift. Convergence alters the relationship between existing technologies, industries, markets, genres and audiences (Jenkins 2004). Media convergence brings together the “three Cs”—computing, communications, and content.

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We are entering an era where media will be everywhere and we will use all kinds of media in relation to each other. Nowadays, our cell phones are not simply telecommunications devices but they also allow us to play games, download information from the internet and receive and send photographs or text messages. Smart phone makes us convenient as it is multifunction.

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The process of media convergence has wide-ranging positive effects by making certain technologies accessible to more people. Almost anyone in the world may be contacted via multiple platforms, news is available from countless sources and everyday activities are becoming easier by the second (Tapp 2011).

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According to Jenkins (2004), media convergence impacts the way we consume media. A teenager doing homework may juggle four or five windows, scanning the web, listening to and downloading MP3 files, chatting with friends, word processing a paper and responding to email, shifting rapidly between tasks. And fans of a popular television series may sample dialogue, summarize episodes, debate subtexts, create original fan fiction, record their own soundtracks, make their own movies – and distribute all of this worldwide via the internet. A lot of peoples especially teenagers spent more than 9 hours on internet or electronic devices.

Image URL: http://www.wired.com/images/article/magazine/1708/by_media_diet_f.jpg

There are a considerable number of effects of convergence on society. Media convergence is something that impacts us all down to our every day life and such has become the way of life that society adapts and changes accordingly. First we started only with written letter, then we proceeded to the ones that were typed on a typewriter, followed by the Fax and email, to the point where we now send a video or voice mail. Now, the pinnacle of convergence would be where an illuminated graphical figure would pop out of our gadgets to deliver a mail, orally, or graphically.

It goes without saying that media convergence is a speedy process affecting our careers too. It is getting more and more competitive out there as one need to start learning the converged technology as soon as it appears. Not only this but entire offices and distances in two places have shrunk. Papers are slowly disappearing from officers and certain slow working tools such as pens and typewriters are also disappearing (Scholasticus 2010).

For my opinions, media convergence makes us convenient but convergence also meant the market moves faster and products are easily outdated and may be replaced quickly as people try to keep up with technology.


Jenkins, H 2004, The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence, International Journal of Cultural Studies, vol.71, no.1, pp33-43.

Scholasticus, K 2010, What is Media Convergence, accessed 20/09/12, http://www.buzzle.com/articles/what-is-media-convergence.html

Tapp, V 2011, Media Convergence: For Good or Evil?, accessed 20/09/12, http://suite101.com/article/media-convergence-for-good-or-evil-a341497

On the web, Plagiarism Matters more than Copyright Piracy.


Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States to authors of “original works of authorship.” This includes literary, dramatic, musical, artistic and certain other creative works. A copyright holder can prevent others from copying, performing or otherwise using the work without his or her consent (Legalzoom n.d.).

What’s the use of Copyright?

According to Snapper (1999), copyright piracy harms the copyright owner. The harm is almost always viewed as a crime against property. The most common harm is the victim’s loss of revenue from unauthorized copying, which is commonly called ‘theft’.

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Piracy is the infringement of a copyright, and plagiarism is the failure to give credit (Snapper 1999). In this advance digital world, the increasing use of Web-based electron publication has created new contexts for both piracy and plagiarism. We can access and download free songs, movies, software and information easily. What are the effects of Plagiarism? Based on the reading of Snapper (1999), plagiarism destroys the scholarly trails and causes significant harm to the scholarly effort itself.

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What are the effects of Plagiarism? Based on the reading of Snapper (1999), plagiarism destroys the scholarly trails and causes significant harm to the scholarly effort itself. What’s the harm in plagiarism? There is no direct financial harm. And, given the strong tradition of refusing to grant property protection over ideas and information, it is unlikely that we would want to grant an author any financial interest in the uncopyrighted content of a paper. Perhaps there is an indirect financial harm to the author who fails to gain a reputation as ideas are taken without giving ‘due credit.’ The actual harm done by plagiarism is not harm to the author as much as harm to the reading public.


Legalzoom n.d, Copyrights Education Center, accessed 12/9/2012, http://www.legalzoom.com/copyrights-guide/copyrights-definition.html

Snapper, J 1999, On the Web, plagiarism matters more than copyright piracy, accessed 8/9/2012, http://www.springerlink.com/content/l215064qj8kk1331/

Benefits of being Network Citizens

In this technology era, peoples live in a liquid life. Almost everything we use related to technology. We can start a business by using networking. By using networking, task could be done easier compared to last time. For example, a survey can be done with helps of  networking. Compared to years ago, employer have to employed few workers to spread survey papers in order to get the results. In another case, to get information about a company background, we have to pay a visit to the company. But with helps of networking, we can get information easily by browsing to the company’s website. So, we revised on this two cases, we can conclude that networking could actually help us to save time and save cost.

In the year of 2008, there are now 12.6 million people in the UK using Facebook. According to Hitwise Intelligence, it was second most visited website and it was behind Google which is the most visited website in September 2008. We can get any information by using Google. This is why Google is still the most visited website until today. Even partly of my assignment is done by using Google.

Today, social networking like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, MySpace, Skype are the famous visited website. It is a common apps which every smartphone users will use for socialize, communicate, and even webcam-ing. Compared to the past, meeting will be held in a set location and every member have to arrive to the location which bring a lot of inconvenience to everyone. Now, by using Skype and webcam, we can set a meeting which every member can participate in a meeting at different location which supported by network.

Picture below shows that two different companies having meeting at a same location.


Image URL: http://businessmodes.com/business-meeting-small-group-principle/

Picture below shows that by using network, workers could have meeting in different location.


Image URL: http://www.somethingabstract.co.uk/collaborative_meetings.html

As a conclusion, in my opinion, social networking is another way to consume less time and makes convenience to the peoples.


Bradwell, P., and Reeves, R. (2008) Economies. In Networked Citizens , pp. 25-31, accessed 7/9/2012, http://www.demos.co.uk/files/Network%20citizens%20-%20web.pdf


In a First Wave economy, land and farm labor are the main “factors of production”.

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In a Second Wave economy, the land remains valuable while the “labor” becomes massified around machines and larger industries.

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In a Third Wave economy, the central resource– a single word broadly encompassing data, information, images, symbols, culture, ideology, and values — is actionable knowledge.


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According to the article of Dyson et.al (1994), “cyberspace is a bioelectronics’ environment that is literally universal. It exists everywhere there are telephone wires, coaxial cables, fiber-optic lines or electromagnetic waves.” In few years ago, the “warehouses” of data, information, and knowledge were displayed in physical forms such as discs, tapes and CD-ROMs.

Do you still remember this? This is floppy diskette. These disks were first released with only 160KB of disk space.

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Today, these disks have been replaced by USB thumb drives, external hard disk and online storage. This is because USB drives are very small and the size of storage is larger (MB/GB) that allows us to store data, movies, songs, documents and so on. Besides, USB drives offer fast transfer times and with the prices continue to go down are likely to totally replace floppy diskette.

Due to the improvement of our technologies, faster computers, cheaper means of electronic storage, improved software and more capable communications channels are independently add to cyberspace.

According to the article of Dyson et. al (1994), “cyberspace will play an important role knitting together in the diverse communities of tomorrow, facilitating the creation of “electronic neighborhoods” bound together not by geography but by shared interests.”
With cyberspace, people can conquer great distances to communicate with others. Internet affords a new and different avenue of social interaction that enables groups and relationships to form to increase and improve social connectivity. There are few social network sites and forum that allow us to make friends with millions of peoples in the world with the same interest. For example, Garena is a game centre that connect world gamers who like to play and discuss about dota. It also allows us to play dota with peoples in other countries. From here, it shows that peoples bound together not by geography but by shared interest.


Dyson, E, Gilder, G, Keyworth, G & Toffler, A 1994, Cyberspace and the American Dream: A Magna Carta for the Knowledge Age, accessed 30/8/2012,http://www.pff.org/issues-pubs/futureinsights/fi1.2magnacarta.html

John A. Bargh and Katelyn Y.A. McKenna,P 2004, The Internet and Social Life, accessed 30/8/2012,http://www.yale.edu/acmelab/articles/Internet_and_Social_Life.pdf